Alkaline hydrolysis could certainly use an image makeover, and it’s really just a matter of choosing the right words. [6], The result is a quantity of green-brown tinted liquid (containing amino acids, peptides, sugars and salts) and soft, porous white bone remains (calcium phosphate) easily crushed in the hand (although a cremulator is more commonly used) to form a white-colored dust. The alkaline hydrolysis of ester is known as saponification. The process, called low-heat alkaline hydrolysis, uses a machine containing water and lye to break down human remains into liquid and bone. Alkaline hydrolysis is the natural process a body undergoes after burial, which can take up to 25 years. Any mercury in the amalgam of the teeth (from dental fillings) is not vaporized through this process like it is with flame cremation. A handful of companies in North America offer the procedure as an alternative to pet cremation. [citation needed] To dispose of 1,000 pounds (450 kg), approximately 60–240 US gallons (230–910 l; 50–200 imp gal) of water are used, resulting in 120–300 US gallons (450–1,140 l; 100–250 imp gal) of effluent, which carries a dried weight of 20 pounds (9.1 kg) (approximately 2% of original weight).[6]. When alkaline hydrolysis was proposed in New York state the New York State Catholic Conference condemned the practice, stating that hydrolysis does not show sufficient respect for the teaching of the intrinsic dignity of the human body. Modified K.S.A. Once the law proposal has been submitted to the Parliament, the democratic process to admit alkaline hydrolysis as body disposal technique can be commenced. 20 CSR 2120-2.071 does not prohibit alkaline hydrolysis in the definition of cremation. That’s a good thing. ... (hLDL), copper chloride, ferric chloride, … 65-1760 to define cremation as "the mechanical and/or other dissolution process that reduces human remains to bone fragments. We are taking a reasonable, responsible and prudent approach for public safety. In all three methods of final disposition, the aqueous portion of the remains becomes, ultimately, a part of our soil and water ecosystem—in burial through seepage, in cremation by way of rain, and in alkaline hydrolysis through … Public Health Ontario reports that high-temperature AH is endorsed by the World Health Organization and is recognized as “an acceptable method for the disinfection and disposal of human remains.” Scientific studies show that the high-temperature method eliminates infectious agents, such as prions. The process is based on alkaline hydrolysis: the body is placed in a pressure vessel that is then filled with a mixture of water and potassium hydroxide, and heated to a temperature around 160 °C (320 °F), but at an elevated pressure, which prevents boiling. Alkaline hydrolysis uses a lot of water. [16], In Christian countries and cultures, cremation has historically been discouraged and viewed as a desecration of God’s image, and as interference with the Resurrection of the dead taught in Scripture. A lower temperature and pressure may be used, but at a longer duration (98 °C (208 °F), 14 to 16 hours). The BAO must conduct a thorough review of the low-temperature process. The effluent is sterilized and poured down the drain. In Ontario, Canada water cremation ( Alkaline Hydrolysis) has been under review after regulators froze the license of a funeral home in Newcastle with a low-temperature water aquamation machine. [50] An alkaline hydrolysis device is seen at the Newcastle Funeral Home in Newcastle, Ont. [15] In 2007, a Scottish biochemist, Sandy Sullivan, started a company making the machines, and calling the process (and company) Resomation. In recent months, several columns and opinions have been written about a chemical form of human remains disposal. [5] At the beginning of the process, the mixture is strongly basic, with a pH level of approximately 14; pH drops to 11 by the end, but the final pH level depends on the total operation time and the amount of fat in the body. The process is being marketed as a lower-cost alternative to the traditional options of burial or cremation. Alkaline Hydrolysis is a natural process in which a human or animal returns to nature, as if buried without a coffin in the soil, or placed in a flowing stream of water. According to a Huffington Post article from June 2011, alkaline hydrolysis is allowed in Kansas, Maryland and Colorado, and is already legal in Florida, Maine, Minnesota and Oregon. This is not cremation The effluent is sterile, and contains salts, sugars, amino acids and … Water cremation, also called alkaline hydrolysis, is legal in Canada and the United States. The public should expect no less of us. [5][14][8] In 2005 Bio-Response Solutions designed, sold, and installed the first single cadaver alkaline hydrolysis system and placed it in Mayo Clinic where it is still used today. Bio Response has a unit in Canada for humans in Prince Albert SK at Gray Funeral Homes – and Quebec is next in line with 2 human units. The time spent on this will be well worth it. AH is a process for the disposal of human remains using lye, heat and pressure. 2310: An Act concerning the state board of mortuary arts, relating to crematory operations; licensure; fees, amending K.S.A. Alkaline hydrolysis is a chemical process that uses a solution of 95% water and 5% potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide to reduce a body to components of liquid and bone. Adopted in a docket amending the Rules of the State Board of Morticians. The process The dead human body is placed in a pressurized stainless steel chamber where water (95%) and alkali (5%) are added and the temperature raised to 350 degrees. 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